• 2023 Volume 45 Issue 10
    Published: 23 October 2023

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  • DU Lihua WU Shiwen
    2023, 45(10): 6-27.
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    In the development of the Internet dominated by the logic of connectivity, disconnection is an alternative Internet-using practice that has not received enough attention for a long time. This paper focuses on the historical development process of network disconnection in our country, and divides network disconnection into partial connectivity phase (1994-2006), universal connectivity phase (2007-2013), and generalized connectivity phase (2013-present). During the historical development of disconnection, two controversial issues emerged: the right to personal information and the right to disconnection. The right to personal information changed with the development of the connection phase. The right to disconnection faced two dilemmas: the conflict with the organizational culture of “busy is successful” and the challenge of redefining the work-life boundary. Whether it is the right to disconnection or the right to personal information, the controversy surrounding both revolves around whether online disconnection can become a social mechanism. The debate about disconnection from the internet revolves around whether disconnection can become a social mechanism. Netizens carry out the life deceleration exploration of situational disconnection, and “wander” between the states of connection and disconnection. This paper points out that disconnection has a tendency to become a way of life, but there are still many questions about whether it can be used as a social mechanism.
  • FANG Hui WU Shangwei
    2023, 45(10): 28-48.
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    This article focuses on the “digital death” on Chinese social media platforms. It refers to social media platforms’ depriving individuals of their right to live digitally on platforms through repressive account suspensions (namely “account bombing”). We collected 131 online writings about digital lives and conducted 39 in-depth online interviews on users’ experiences of account bombing. These narratives publicize the politics of memory in Chinese cyberspace. This study argues that account bombing as an incident interrupts individuals’ daily lives and causes death- like pain and trauma. The blocked users’ digital memories are entirely deleted, with (part) their digital self annihilated and stripped. Writing is a way to resist forgetting and protest against the deviant stigma imposed by the authorities. It also reproduces and confirms the blocked users’ identity and subjectivity. As a result, Internet governance, committed to forgetting through deleting, has stimulated proactive memory inscription. The long-term effects of deletion on the technologized memory structure are also worth further exploring.
  • HUANGWeizi XIONGYuelei
    2023, 45(10): 49-68.
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    In today’s culture of the internet, young women who have not yet married or had children are interested in “raising” virtual babies. The intersection of girl culture and motherhood studies has prompted a rethinking of how the connotation and extension of “motherhood” expand and change in the digital era. This study focuses on the practice of “cyber-motherhood” in recent years among online communities of plush doll players, with empirical data gathered through in-depth interviews and participatory observation methods. In contrast to previous studies that focused on how technology affects biological child rearing, “cyber-motherhood” focuses on the intertwined interaction of humans and technology through the concept of the cyborg. According to research, media technology, social structure, and the agency of girl players interact to shape the “cyber-mothering” practice, which is based on embodiment practice and visual techniques. It echoes the social institution of motherhood while also undermining its sanctity.While “cyber- motherhood” provides girls with a flexible strategy of dealing with life’s pressures, flowing eros emerges from the cracks of rigid binary logic, acting as a transient but widely spread force while also opening up new opportunities for various gender subject-positions.
  • SUN Zhaowen
    2023, 45(10): 69-90.
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    In the mid-19th century, telegraph was gradually applied to journalism, which went through about 10 years to fit. The period when Marx and Engels reported telegrams was coincided with the crucial decade that telegraph was integrated into journalism. Their journalistic practice closely followed the process of telegraph's application in journalism, and creatively used the latest news style: telegram, which was brought about by telegraph. Through various ways, they analyzed the truth of the contents of telegrams within a limited time, thus gaining the credibility of correspondents and achieving the expected communication effect. They thought about how the telegraph would go from monopoly to socialization, how it would be connected to journalism through the fields of commerce or military, and how journalism should adapt to the new technology with a professional attitude. These critical thoughts on the application of journalistic technology are scattered in their reports, but rarely seen in the study of Marxism Journalism Views. This paper presents their practice and innovation in these aspects, so as to enlighten us to face the application of various new media with critical thinking.
  • HUANG Yangkun YU Yayun
    2023, 45(10): 91-111.
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    Algorithmic discrimination poses a danger to the individual’s digital survival. Based upon semi-structural interviews with 22 algorithm engineers, this study explores how engineers’ ethical values and judgments are embedded in the discriminatory algorithm from the perspective of the social construction of technology. The study finds that algorithmic discrimination can be attributed to engineers’ understanding and pursuit of reality and accuracy—for building the mirror world, they rely on data records, social reality and statistical causality, eventually leading to the reinforcement of discrimination. Besides, for engineers, their goal of algorithmic fairness is constantly squeezed by their ethic goal of seeking reality and accuracy with certain business goals. And engineers are always educated and work in the orientation that making a bias-free digital garden isn’t an obligatory target for them. What’s more, quantifying ethical concepts like fairness remains a technical obstacle for algorithmic workers. All these make “algorithm for good” a flexible choice for engineers, finally defining their practice to debias. This study provides an empirical window for understanding algorithmic discrimination, as well as detailed and professional insights into the construction of biased technologies in Chinese context.
  • LIU Yusi YUAN Guangfeng MA Ye
    2023, 45(10): 112-134.
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    Invoking historical analogies to make connections between past and present events is an important way to construct collective memory and shape public perceptions. This study examines how representative newspapers in three areas-the United States, India, and Middle East North Africa (MENA),selected and used historical analogies in their coverage of three global major conflict events of this century including the September 11, the Mumbai terrorist attacks, and the Tahrir Square demonstrations through a quantitative content analysis using the most different system design (MDSD). The study found that in the coverage of these three events, there was a pattern of “distant suffering”; and there was a significant domestication effect; as a proximity mechanism, newspapers also made greater use of historical references in the context of their own countries or regions. The study then discussed the three coexisting and decreasing media logic and their implications for news reporting of conflict events.
  • LIU Fangru
    2023, 45(10): 135-159.
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    In 2019, the eSports player has become a new occupation approved by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, which has stimulated the development of eSports industry. Taking “cruel optimism” and “hope” as theoretical resources, this paper examines the individual experiences and affective forms of eSports players, the central elements supporting the industry. Simultaneously, I contextualize the specific affective form in industry and political environment, in order to explore the generating logic of affects and affective practices of eSports players.This paper finds that the promises that popular culture, official documents, and eSports club collectively weave for eSports players are problematic objects of desire and prevent them from flourish. The experience of losing the object of desire is so heartbreaking that the hope and optimism held by eSports players in turn wear out their vitality, and even lead them going to “impasse”. On this basis, this study attempts to propose “the hopeful cruelty” to explain the affective practices of eSports players.
  • LIU Xiaowei
    2023, 45(10): 160-176.
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    The JinZouYuan Newspapers in the Tang Dynasty was an important object of research on ancient newspapers, and previous studies paid more attention to the nature of its name and reality than the political information game behind it. After the rebellion of An Lushan and Shi Siming, the imperial power declined in the Tang Dynasty. With the rise of the Tang Dynasty military governor, the JinZouYuan Newspapers appeared in public and became the legal media held by the military governor. But the complexity of history is that the imperial power is not completely passive. The imperial power also tried to control the JinZouYuan Newspapers. This leads to the problem of political information game. The key time for the formation of this information power coupling mechanism was about the reign of Emperor Tang Xianzong. After that, the transmission of political information by imperial power through the JinZouYuan Newspapers has been institutionalized.